by Ambrose Evans-Pritchard
The Bank of Japan has been forced to retreat from further emergency stimulus after a blizzard of criticism at home and abroad, and warnings that extreme measures may now be doing more harm than good.
The climb-down by the world’s most radical central bank is the latest sign that the monetary experiments since Lehman crisis may have run their course. The authorities have not exhausted their ammunition but are hitting political and legal constraints.
The yen surged 3pc against the US dollar in the biggest one-day move in eight months and equities skidded across Asia after the Bank of Japan (BoJ) failed to take fresh action to stave off deepening deflation, catching markets badly off guard.