by Simon Black
In September 1968, after four decades iron-fisted rule, Portugal’s de facto dictator, António de Oliveira Salazar, suffered a freak accident that caused a massive brain hemorrhage.
Miraculously he survived. But he never recovered from the injury, and his enemies seized on the opportunity to remove him from power.
Salazar had ruled since 1932. You don’t hear much about Salazar because, compared to his contemporaries like Hitler, Mussolini, and Stalin, he wasn’t so bad.
But his policies completely ruined Portugal’s economy.